Open access or open access is one that allows free access to digital resources derived from the scientific or academic without economic barriers or restrictions arising from the rights of copyright on them. This production includes not only journal articles but also other documents as learning objects, images, data, audiovisual, etc. The online access is via the Internet, unless technological limitations and network connection to the user should not be restricted by other impositions (Peter Suber, 2006).
There are three international declarations that have defined "Open Access".
The Budapest Open AccessInitiative 2002 that defines "Open Access" such as free Internet access through the scientific literature, in compliance with existing copyright laws, with the authors who retain copyright.
The Berlin Statement also in 2003, signed by various politicians and scientists, including the Rector of the University of Alicante in November 2007, sponsored by the Max Planck Society. It states the following: " the author (s) (s) and trustee (s) of the intellectual property of such contributions must ensure to all users equally, the right free, irrevocable, worldwide access a scholarly work, as well as license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display publicly, and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, all subject to proper authoring ... A full version of the work and all supplemental materials ... is deposited (and thus published) in at least one online repository, using acceptable technical standards (such as definitions of Open Access), which is supported and maintained by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or a well- established organization looking to implement open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archival capacity.
The last statement on "Open Access" was held in Granada from 13 to 14 May 2010, called Statement of the Alhambra for the "Open access to scientific information: Policies for the development of OA in the countries of southern Europe."
What is Science Commons?
The Project Science Commons (SC ) is disclosed in early 2005. SC is a part of Creative Commons , but with a more comprehensive approach. While the focus on Creative Commons individual creators and their rights, the SC, by necessity, has a broader approach, derived from the limitations and needs it is the scientific and academic community can do to stop their research visible. Science Commons is working on three different projects:
The draft publication
The draft Licensing
The data project
What is OpenCourseWare-UA
OpenCourseWare (OCW) Web publishing is complete, open, free and online the syllabus (content, objectives, methodology, bibliography, resources, notes, learning activities, practices, exercises ...) of the subjects and courses taught in the University of Alicante.
The second is to publish in 'traditional', but which allow self-archiving a copy of the publication in institutional repositories.
The author has every moral right of exploitation and therefore can deposit the document unless it has assigned exclusively to a third party the right to exploit the work (for example, a magazine editor). In general, when it is published in a magazine, transferring the right of reproduction and distribution to the editor. However, most international commercial publishers allow self-archiving in digital repositories with possible limitations (eg not to hang the final pdf version).
If the author has transferred any right of exploitation (reproduction, distribution or public) exclusively in third person, the author can not hang the paper in the warehouse without the permission of the publisher.
If the author is unaware in what conditions has transferred its rights operation, see:
- The road acceptance of standards published or sheet of transfer of rights, in the case of journals or conferences.
- The publishing contract in For monographs.
If you do not have this information available on the Internet database SHERPA/ROMEO, where we have analyzed the copyright policy of the major commercial publishers international scientific-technical, or DULCINEAto Spanish publishers.
University library - Intellectual Property
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