In principle, the author and other owners can manage their copyright on their own, but they can also choose to go to a management entity or an independent management operator to act on their behalf.
The management entities are non-profit organizations dedicated to the management of exploitation rights or other patrimonial rights, on behalf of several authors or other rights holders, responsible for the management of economic rights on behalf of said holders.
The collective management entities are more or less specialized according to the type of works (musical, choreographic, plastic) and owners (authors, artists, producers). To consult the authorized management entities and their rates, you can visit the website of the Ministry of Culture and Sports .
An independent management operator is an entity legally constituted and authorized by a management contract to manage exploitation or other property rights in the name and collective benefit of several rights holders.
They differ from traditional management entities in their profit motive and in that the holders of rights are not in charge of their control or management.
To consult the independent management operators who have informed the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the start of their activities in Spain, you can visit the website of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.
Universidad de Alicante Carretera San Vicente s/n 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig Alicante (Spain)